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Support your Immune System

17 Jun 2020

Support your Immune System

SUPPORTING THE IMMUNE SYSTEM

The immune system can be strengthened and supported by:

  • A balanced healthy diet, providing lots of fresh, unprocessed foods.
  • Healthy lifestyle choices and regular, sensible physical activity
  • Certain nutrients and other natural supplements, which can offer additional help and insurance.
  • Supporting the health of the gut and the good bacteria.

Kingsland Pharmacy in Dalston London offers a wide range of supplements.


DIETARY SUGGESTIONS FOR A HEALTHY IMMUNE RESPONSE 

  • Choose lots of fresh fruit and vegetables – particularly colourful ones.  Fruit and vegetables provide important immune boosting nutrients like vitamin C and beta carotene.
  • If you like it, include garlic in your recipes.  Garlic contains a compound called allicin which has been shown to possess natural anti-bacterial properties, helping to fight infections.
  • Spice it up with some turmeric and ginger.  Fresh root ginger can be added to food or used in drinks.  Turmeric can easily be added to recipes or again used in drinks, such as ‘golden milk’. Both these spices have natural anti-inflammatory properties and could be helpful for clearing coughs and sinus infections.
  • Limit alcohol.  Alcohol is known to supress the immune system, and depletes the body of nutrients, so ideally avoid drinking alcohol when you feel ‘run down’.

NUTRIENTS TO SUPPORT THE IMMUNE SYSTEM

  • Vitamin C:  Most often associated with oranges, Vitamin C is also found in leafy green vegetables, bell peppers, strawberries and kiwi.  Whilst it is reasonably easy to get vitamin C from the diet, it is also water soluble, which means it washes out of the body quickly and easily.  Subsequently, it can be worth topping up, especially when cold and flu bugs are flying around. 
  • Vitamin D: Vitamin D has also been identified as one of the nutrients which keeps the immune system functioning properly.  Vitamin D can be produced by the body on exposure to sunlight, but unfortunately most of the UK population are still at risk of low vitamin D levels, especially through the dark winters. 
  • Selenium: An important trace mineral, which helps to support a healthy immune response.  Selenium is found in brazil nuts, sardines, tuna and broccoli. However, it has been found that many of our soils have very low selenium levels, leaving many people at risk of deficiency.
  • Zinc: Zinc is one of the most important minerals there is.  It helps to support the immune system, assists in wound healing, skin health, fertility and much more.  The main food sources of this mineral are oysters, seafood, lean meat and poultry, so perhaps unsurprisingly it is thought that between 12-40% of people have low zinc levels.

IMMUNE SUPPORTIVE NATURAL REMEDIES

As well as nutrients there are other natural approaches which can be helpful in supporting the function of the immune system:

  • Beta Glucans: Research has shown that a daily supplement providing yeast sourced beta glucans could help to reduce the number of infections suffered by 25%. Look for a product listing Beta (1,3) Glucans, as this indicates the right source and quality of product for immune support. 
  • Echinacea: Echinacea is a traditional herbal remedy which can be used to relieve symptoms of the common cold and influenza type infections.  It is generally taken at the onset of any symptoms.  Echinacea can be safely used alongside any other nutritional products aimed at supporting the immune system, as well as over the counter cold and flu medications. 
  • Elderberry: Elderberry supplements have been shown to be effective at reducing the symptoms and duration of colds and flu.   It is thought that the flavonoids found in elderberry can bind to the flu virus and help transport it out of the body.

GUT HEALTH & IMMUNITY

Hippocrates said: ‘All disease begins in the gut’. Whilst that may not be entirely the case, he may not have been that far out either! Modern research has shown that up to 80% of the immune system comes from the gut and the good bacteria which live there.

Every day that we do not get ill after eating food or putting our hand to our mouth, we have the good bacteria in our gut to thank for it. Our intestinal immune system encounters more ‘baddies,’ and our good bacteria protect us from more illnesses, than any other part of the body.

KEY BACTERIA IN IMMUNE HEALTH: 

Specific bacteria have been researched for their ability to support a healthy immune system. These bacteria include: Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum and Bifidobacteria animalis subsp. lactis. 

Clinical trials have shown these 3 bacteria to be effective in the following ways:

  • Bifidobacteria animalis subsp. lactis has been shown to be particularly effective at helping to reduce inflammation in the system, both in acute and chronic illness.
  • All three bacteria provide antioxidant protection – helping to protect important immune cells from being damaged.
  • Studies have shown that Lactobacillus acidophilus can help to increase numbers of antibodies, natural killer cells and phagocytes.
  • Lactobacillus plantarum was used in a clinical trial for people suffering with chronic fatigue syndrome, and provided a 60% improvement in symptoms, and showed a 16% increase in Natural killer cell activity.

 

Read More Face masks in Dalton London

17 Jun 2020

Face masks in Dalton London

Face coverings on public transport - and for hospital staff, outpatients and visitors - is compulsory in England from now.

This is in line with new World Health Organization (WHO) advice. It says non-medical face coverings should be worn in public where social distancing is not possible.

Kingsland Pharmacy in Dalston, London offers Face masks and hand sanitisers to help you keep safe when out and about.

The guidance on wearing non-medical masks in the UK has changed a few times since the beginning of lockdown. A growing body of research indicates that wearing masks – even if they’re not closely fitted or medical grade – can slow the spread of viral loads by up to 80 per cent. On May 11, the government released guidelines recommending people cover their faces indoors, such as on public transport or in shops. Even so, YouGov polling found that UK face mask usage only saw a modest increase from 13 per cent to 18 per cent by mid-May. With more non-essential shops and businesses opening, on June 4, Grant Shapps announced face coverings will become mandatory on public transport in England from Monday June 15.

What’s the point of wearing a face mask?

Despite advice at the beginning of the pandemic, the government is now advocating the use of face masks. This is so that the mask can catch as many water droplets as possible containing coronavirus to reduce the chances of others from catching it. Even if you don’t show symptoms, you could still be a spreader. 

You’ll still need to wash hands thoroughly and use hand sanitiser, but wearing a mask is an additional measure we all can take to help slow the spread of Covid-19.

How to properly wear a facial covering or mask

There’s slightly more to it than simply bunging it on. Here are a few do’s and don’t’s from Gov.UK to wearing a mask as safely as possible.

  • Do make sure your mask or covering is enclosing your mouth and nose while still allowing you to breathe comfortably. 
  • Do wash your hands thoroughly or use hand sanitiser before putting it on and after taking it off. 
  • Don’t touch your eyes, nose, or mouth when you’re wearing one - tuck away loose ends and hair so you’re not tempted to brush it away.
  • Do keep your mask safely stored in a plastic bag until you have a chance to wash them. 
  • Don’t touch the front of the face covering, or the part of the face covering that has been in contact with your mouth and nose. 
  • Once removed, do make sure you clean any surfaces the face covering has touched, such as the lower half of your face. 
  • Do wash your mask regularly - most can go in with your normal load, using your regular detergent or washing machine gels. 

 

Read More CORONAVIRUS information

17 Jun 2020

CORONAVIRUS information

SYMPTOMS

The main symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19) are a high temperature, a new, continuous cough and a loss or change to your sense of smell or taste.


The main symptoms of coronavirus are:

  • a high temperature – this means you feel hot to touch on your chest or back (you do not need to measure your temperature)
  • a new, continuous cough – this means coughing a lot for more than an hour, or 3 or more coughing episodes in 24 hours (if you usually have a cough, it may be worse than usual)
  • a loss or change to your sense of smell or taste – this means you've noticed you cannot smell or taste anything, or things smell or taste different to normal

To protect others, do not go to places like a GP surgery, pharmacy or hospital if you have any of these symptoms. Stay at home (self-isolate) and get a test.

Read more

PREVENTION

To help stop the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19), avoid close contact with anyone you do not live with and wash your hands regularly.


To stop coronavirus spreading:

  • stay at least 2 metres (3 steps) away from anyone you do not live with when outside your home
  • wash your hands with soap and water often – do this for at least 20 seconds
  • use hand sanitiser gel if soap and water are not available
  • wash your hands as soon as you get home
  • cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when you cough or sneeze
  • put used tissues in the bin immediately and wash your hands afterwards
  • if you can, wear something that covers your nose and mouth when it’s hard to stay away from people, such as in shops or on public transport
  • do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth if your hands are not clean

Follow the government's social distancing guidance about what you can and cannot do outside your home.

Read more

TREATMENTS

You can usually treat mild coronavirus (COVID-19) symptoms at home. If your symptoms are severe, you may need medical care until you recover. nhs.uk


Self-care

If you have mild symptoms of coronavirus, you must stay at home (self-isolate) and get a test.

To help yourself stay well:

  • drink plenty of water to stay hydrated – drink enough so your pee is pale and clear
  • take paracetamol to help ease your symptoms
  • stay in touch with family and friends over the phone or on social media, to help you avoid feeling low or lonely
  • try to keep yourself busy – you could try activities like cooking, reading, online learning and watching films
  • do light exercise, if you feel well enough to

Read more

Read More ELECTRONIC PRESCRIPTIONS SERVICE (EPS) in Dalton, London

17 Jun 2020

ELECTRONIC PRESCRIPTIONS SERVICE (EPS) in Dalton, London

A new way to get your medicines and appliances

The Electronic Prescription Service (EPS) is an NHS Service. It gives you the chance to change how your GP sends your prescription to the place you choose to get your medicines or appliances from meaning you save time by making less trips to your GP. We offer EPS service here at Kingsland Pharmacy in Dalston, London 

What does this mean for you?

 

  • ou collect your repeat prescriptions from your GP you will not have to visit your GP practice to pick up your paper prescription. Instead, your GP will send it electronically to the place you choose, saving you time.

  • You will have more choice about where to get your medicines from because they can be collected from a pharmacy near to where you live, work or shop.

  • You may not have to wait as long at the pharmacy as there will be time for your repeat prescriptions to be ready before you arrive.

CHOOSING A PHARMACY OR OTHER DISPENSER

If you get regular prescriptions or are already using a prescription collection service (where a pharmacy collects prescriptions from your GP practice for you) then choosing a pharmacy to dispense all your prescriptions may save you time by avoiding unnecessary trips to your GP.

You will still order your repeat prescriptions in the same way as you do now, but your prescriptions will be sent electronically to the pharmacy or dispenser of your choice. 

You will not have to collect a paper repeat prescription from your GP practice.

CANCELLING OR CHANGING YOUR CHOICE OF PHARMACIST OR DISPENSER

You can change or cancel your choice of dispenser at any time. Simply speak to your GP or pharmacist before you order your next prescription. 

You should allow time for the update to take place to avoid your next prescription being sent to the wrong place.

WHAT CAN I DO IF I'M UNHAPPY WITH THE PROCESS?

You should be provided with information about electronic prescriptions and give your consent before your choice of dispenser is recorded.

If you're unhappy with your experience, you can complain to the dispenser, your GP practice or your local clinical commissioning group (CCG).

Find out more about the NHS complaints procedure

WHO CAN SEE MY PRESCRIPTION?

Electronic prescriptions are reliable, secure and confidential. 

Your electronic prescription will be seen by the same people in GP practices, pharmacies and NHS prescription payment and fraud agencies that used to see your paper prescription.

They'll also be able to see whether you have chosen more than 1 dispenser and can check where your prescriptions will be sent to.

If you're on repeat prescriptions, dispensers will also see all of the items on your re-order slip.

Read More Morning after pill in Dalston, London

17 Jun 2020

Morning after pill in Dalston, London

If you are worried about getting pregnant after unprotected sex or if your usual contraception has failed and looking for Emergency contraceptive pill commonly called morning after pill, Kingsland Pharmacy in Dalston, London will be able to help. One of the pharmacists will be able to carry out a quick assessment to establish which treatment is suitable for you.

What this article is about?

In this article, we will look at what morning after pill is, its types, how it works, its effectiveness, any side effects, when and how often to take it, other forms of emergency contraception and availability in Dalston, London 

What is Morning After Pill?

It is a tablet and a form of emergency contraception which is taken to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. It comes as a single tablet and can be taken with water.

 

Types of Morning After Pill

There are two types of morning after pill available in the UK.

ellaOne

This tablet can be taken within 5 days (120 hours ) of unprotected sex. However, it is recommended to be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex or failure of existing contraception.

 

Levonelle

This tablet can be taken within 3 days (72 hours) of unprotected sex. Again, the sooner you take it, the more effective it is. It also comes as a single tablet.

 

How does morning after pill work?

Both the morning after pills work by preventing or delaying ovulation. The pills contain hormones which make it harder for the sperm to reach an egg and a fertilised egg to implant.

This short video by Brook.org.uk illustrates how emergency contraceptions work.

how emergency contraception work

Which one should I take?

Your health professional will be able to tell you which one to take after carrying out a quick assessment.

Morning After Pill side effects

There are no serious or long-term side effects from taking the emergency contraceptive pill, but like any other medicine, It can still cause some side effects:

ellaOne side effects include headache, nausea, bleeding, dizziness and abdominal pain.

Levonelle side effects include vomiting, nausea, tender breasts, headache and irregular bleeding.

When Should I take the Morning after pill?

You should take the morning after pill as soon as possible right after unprotected sex or if you believe your regular contraception might have failed.

ellaOne can be taken up to 5 days (120 hours) after unprotected sex where as Levonelle must be taken within 3 days (72 hours).

 

How often can I take the morning after Pill?

Although both ellaOne and Levonelle can be taken more than once during your menstrual cycle ,their use is mainly intended for emergency and should not be used as a regular contraception.

 

Should I get the morning after pill in advance?

The most important thing with morning after pill is to be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex. Hence having the pill to hand when you need it could be helpful especially if you are going on holiday or you are worried your regular contraception might fail and would not have access to emergency contraception. However, it should not be used as a routine contraception.

 

What are the types of Emergency Contraception available?

There are two types of emergency contraception.

The morning after pill

and the copper coil (IUD)

The morning after pill (both levonelle and ellaOne) temporarily prevent your body from becoming pregnant, but shouldn't affect fertility in the future.

The Copper Coil or Intra-Uterine Device (IUD) can be fitted by a trained medical professional up to 5 days after unprotected sex. You can find out more about IUD from NHS website.

 

Where to get emergency contraception in Dalston, London ?

One of the most convenient and discreet ways to get your morning after pill in Dalston, London hester is from Kingsland Pharmacy, your local pharmacy in Dalston, London. You don't need any appointment or GP prescription to get your morning after pill.

Other places you can get emergency contraception from include:

  • Some GP surgeries , however you would need to make an appointment.

  • Family planning and sexual health clinics, however might not be in your immediate vicinity

  • Most NHS walk in centres , however you might have to wait to be seen.

You can find out more about emergency contraception on Brook.org.uk website.

 

Read More Weight loss management in Dalston, London

17 Jun 2020

Weight loss management in Dalston, London

Weight loss is a major focus on national level in the UK as Obesity is massive problem that's estimated to affect around 1 in every 4 adults and around 1 in every 5 children aged 10 to 11.

Weight Loss Dalston, London

Kingsland Pharmacy offers weight loss service in Dalston, London.

Weight loss blog post

In this blogpost, we look at the problem of obesity in the UK, various ways in which to lose weight, medicines that can help in losing weight, remedies for losing weight and life style and dietary changes and some useful tips and advice around weight loss.

Obesity in the UK

Obesity is a condition in which abnormal or excessive fat accumulates in adipose tissue. It is mostly caused by energy intake exceeding energy expenditure over a period of years. It is defined in adults as a body mass index (BMI) above 30. Within the UK more than 6 in 10 (59-65%) adults are overweight or obese by body mass index (BMI) (2015). 63-68% of males and 56-62% of females in the UK are overweight or obese.

Overweight and obesity increases the risk of developing some cancers, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.

Weight loss best way

Weight loss can be achieved with a combinations of weight loss aids, dietary and lifestyle changes.

Weight loss aids

There are a number of weight loss aids available now in the form of :

Injectable medicine, Weight loss pills, Fat Burners & Binders, Slimming supplements, Diet foods, Meal replacements

Injectable medicine (Saxenda®)

Saxenda® is an FDA-approved, prescription injectable medicine that, when used with a low-calorie meal plan and increased physical activity, may help some adults with excess weight who also have weight-related medical problems (such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or type 2 diabetes), or obesity,b to lose weight and keep it off.

Saxenda® is not for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and should not be used with Victoza® or any other GLP-1 receptor agonist or insulin. It is not known if Saxenda® is safe and effective when taken with other prescription, over-the-counter, or herbal weight-loss products.

WEIGHT LOSS - PILLS

There are a few clinically proven weight loss pills available in the UK.

Weight loss alli

Alli is in capsule form, when added to a diet with reduced calorie and lower fat can accelerate your weight loss. It can help you achieve 50% more weight loss than you would get through dieting alone. So, for every 1lb you lose through healthy eating and your own efforts, alli can help you lose half a lb more.

Is alli right for you?

  • Stops about a quarter of the fat you eat from being absorbed

  • intended for adults with a BMI over 28

  • Comes with the active ingredient orlistat.

ALLI REVIEWS

You can read more about alli here on Health line .

Weight loss by medicine

The medicine that are available in the UK for weight loss include:

Xenical (Orlistat 120mg) - read more on this medicine here

Orlistat 120mg - read more about this medicine here

Alli (Orlistat 60mg) - read more about this medicine here

How do the weight loss Pills work

Orlistat prevents approximately 30% of dietary fat from being absorbed.

Alli also works by preventing the body from absorbing fats from the diet, thereby reducing calorie intake.

Read more about the effectiveness of these drugs on NHS website.

Weight loss by fasting

Fasting does help with losing weight. It also has other health benefits. You can read more about weight loss by fasting in this article by forbes.com

Weight loss by exercise

Video by Lucy Wyndham-Read

Type caption (optional)

 

Exercise without a proper diet plan is not a good weight-loss strategy. To lose weight, you need to burn more calories than you consume or eat fewer calories than your body uses each day. If you don't have a caloric deficit, you will not lose weight. It also depends on the type of exercises you do . Read more about the role of exercise in weight loss in this article by Cleveland Clinic

Weight loss by running

In order to lose one pound a week, you'll need to cut 500 calories each day, through a combination of diet and exercise. If losing weight is your goal, run three to four times per week and incorporate other forms of calorie-burning cardio and/or metabolism-boosting strength training on the other days. Read more on weight loss by running in this article by popsugar.co.uk

Weight loss by walking

At a brisk walking pace, you would burn 100 to 300 calories in 30 minutes (depending on your weight) or 200 to 600 calories in an hour. ... Walk most days of the week for at least 30 minutes to burn an extra 1,000 to 3,000 calories in total for the week and to improve your metabolism each day. Read more on Weight loss by walking in this article by verywellfit.com

Weight loss by jogging

Jogging burns more calories than almost all other forms of cardio exercise. Since the formula forweight loss is burning more calories than you consume, jogging can be your golden ticket to get lean. You can lose weight by jogging for 20-minute sessions with a personalized workout plan. Read more on Weight loss by jogging in this article by livestrong.com

Weight loss at home exercises

Video by Adrian Bryant

Type caption (optional)

 

These equipment-free fitness routines are great to do at home and short enough for you to easily fit them into your daily schedule. Read more about these routines on NHS website.

Weight loss by surgery

Weight loss surgery, also called bariatric or metabolic surgery. These include gastric band, gastric bypass, gastric balloon and sleeve gastrectomy. Weight loss surgery is a treatment which reduces the amount of food you can eat by making your stomach smaller. Read more on NHS website.

Weight loss best tips

12 Weight loss tips to help you lose weight on the 12-week plan quicker and faster.

Read more on NHS website.

 

Read More HPV Vaccine in Dalston London

17 Jun 2020

HPV Vaccine in Dalston London

Kingsland Pharmacy offers private HPV vaccine service in Dalston London. Get in touch today on 020 7254 6910 to find out more or simply visit the website.

What is HPV?

HPV represents a very common group of viruses.

HPV has many types, some can cause cancer and are called "high risk" , such as cervical cancer, anal cancer, genital cancers, and cancers of the head and neck.

Some HPV types can cause warts or verrucas.

Almost all cervical cancers (99.7%) are caused by high-risk type of HPV infections.

On the other hand, HPV infections are responsible for only some of the anal and genital cancers, and cancers of the head and neck. The other elements causing these cancers are smoking and drinking alcohol.

There are no symptoms associated with HPV infections and hence most people affected will not be aware of it.

Find out more about HPV

Different types of HPV and what diseases these cause?

 

HPV has over a hundred types and the genital area is affected by over 40 of them.

HPV is very common and in most people, the body will get rid of it naturally without any treatment. However, the high-risk type of HPV will not get cleared by itself in some people. If not treated on time, this can result in abnormal tissue growth and other complications and eventually turn into cancer.

High-risk types of HPV can cause various types of cancer, including:

Infection with other types of HPV may cause:

  • genital warts – small growths or skin changes on or around the genital or anal area; they're the most common viral sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the UK 

  • skin warts and verrucas – not on the genital area

  • warts on the voice box or vocal cords (laryngeal papillomas)

HPV Vaccine

 

It helps protect against cancers caused by HPV, including:

It also helps protect against genital warts.

How does the HPV vaccine work?

 

At present, HPV vaccination programme uses a vaccine called Gardasil.

Gardasil provides protection against 4 types of HPV: 6, 11, 16 and 18. Out of these, types 16 and 18 cause most of the cervical cancers in the UK (more than 70%).

These HPV types also result in some anal and genital cancers and some cancers of the head and neck.

HPV types 6 and 11 cause around 90% of genital warts, so using Gardasil helps protect girls against both cervical cancer and genital warts.

Where can I have HPV Vaccine Privately in Dalston, London?

 

You can have HPV vaccines privately at Kingsland Pharmacy.

Getting the vaccine will help protect them during their teenage years and beyond.

Most unvaccinated people will be infected with some type of HPV at some time in their life.

In most cases, the virus does not do any harm because their immune system clears the infection.

But in some cases, the infection stays in the body for many years and then, for no apparent reason, it may start to cause damage.

Who can have the HPV vaccine on the NHS?

 

Under NHS, from September 2019, the first dose of the HPV vaccine will be routinely offered to girls and boys aged 12 and 13 in school Year 8.

The second dose is usually offered 6 to 12 months after the first (in school Year 8 or Year 9).

People who miss either of their HPV vaccine doses should speak to their school immunisation team or GP surgery and make an appointment to get up-to-date as soon as possible.

It's important to have both doses of the vaccine to be fully protected.

People who start the HPV vaccination after the age of 15 will need 3 doses as they do not respond as well to 2 doses as younger people do.

How is the HPV vaccine given?

 

The HPV vaccine is currently given as a series of 2 injections into the upper arm.

It's important to have both vaccine doses to be protected.

People who get their first vaccination dose at the age of 15 or older will need to have 3 injections.

Men who have sex with men (MSM), and trans men and trans women who are eligible for the vaccine, will need 3 vaccination doses (2 if they're under 15).

For those who need 3 doses of the vaccine:

  • the second dose should be given at least 1 month after the first

  • the third dose should be given ideally within 12 months of the second dose

It's important to have all vaccine doses to be properly protected.

How long does the HPV vaccine protect for?

 

Studies have already shown that the vaccine protects against HPV infection for at least 10 years, although experts expect protection to last for much longer.

But because the HPV vaccine does not protect against all types of HPV that can cause cervical cancer, it's important that all girls who receive the HPV vaccine also have regular cervical screening once they reach the age of 25.

HPV Vaccine safety

 

Read more about HPV vaccination safety and the possible side effects.

Read More Stop smoking service in Dalston, London

17 Jun 2020

Stop smoking service in Dalston, London

Studies have shown that you're four times more likely to stop smoking with professional help. If you are looking to quit smoking in Dalston, London, Kingsland Pharmacy in Dalston, London offer Stop smoking service.

What this blog post is about?

In this blogpost, we look at the harmful effects of smoking, why is it so hard to quit smoking, how to quit smoking, various ways to quit smoking, where to get help and some useful stop smoking tips.

Harmful effects of smoking

Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide, and quitting smoking significantly reduces the risk of dying from tobacco-related diseases such as heart disease and lung cancer.

Circulation

Smoking allows poisons from the tar in your cigarettes enter your blood. These poisons in your blood make your blood thicker, and increase chances of blood-clot, increase your blood pressure and heart rate, narrow your arteries, reducing the amount of oxygen rich blood circulating to your organs.

 

Heart

Smoking damages your heart and your blood circulation, increasing the risk of conditions such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, stroke, peripheral vascular disease (damaged blood vessels) and cerebrovascular disease (damaged arteries that supply blood to your brain).

Carbon monoxide from the smoke and nicotine both put a strain on the heart by making it work faster.

Good news is that after just one year of stop smoking, the risk is reduced of these diseases is reduced by half. After stopping for 15 years, your risk is similar to that of someone who has never smoked.

Stomach

Smoking can cause stomach cancer or ulcers. Smoking can weaken the muscle that controls the lower end of your gullet (oesophagus) and allow acid from the stomach to travel in the wrong direction back up your gullet causing reflux.

Research has shown that if you regularly smoke 10 cigarettes a day, you are one and a half times more likely to develop kidney cancer compared with a non-smoker. If you smoke double the amount, the risk also doubles.

Skin

Smoking can affect your skin by reducing the amount of oxygen that goes there. So the more you smoke, the quickly your skin ages and looks grey and dull.

Smoking prematurely ages your skin by between 10 and 20 years, and makes it three times more likely you'll get facial wrinkling, particularly around the eyes and mouth.

When you stop smoking, the skin will stop from deteriorating further.

Bones

Smoking can cause weakness in your bones and your bones can become brittle. The risk is higher in Women in particular.

Brain

Smoking can increase your risk of having a stroke by at least 50%, which can cause brain damage and death.

Smoking can increase your risk of a stroke is by increasing your chances of developing a brain aneurysm. This is a bulge in a blood vessel caused by a weakness in the blood vessel wall. This can rupture or burst which will lead to an extremely serious condition known as a subarachnoid haemorrhage.

Within two years of stopping smoking, your risk of stroke is reduced by half and within five years it will be the same as a non-smoker.

Lungs

Your lungs can be very badly affected by smoking. Coughs, colds, wheezing and asthma are just the start. Smoking can cause fatal diseases such as pneumonia, emphysema and lung cancer. Smoking causes 84% of deaths from lung cancer and 83% of deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

People with COPD have difficulties breathing, primarily due to the narrowing of their airways and destruction of lung tissue. Typical symptoms of COPD include: increasing breathlessness when active, a persistent cough with phlegm and frequent chest infections.

Mouth and throat

Smoking causes bad breath and stained teeth, cause gum disease and damage your sense of taste.

The most serious damage smoking causes in your mouth and throat is an increased risk of cancer in your lips, tongue, throat, voice box and gullet (oesophagus). More than 93% of oropharyngeal cancers (cancer in part of the throat) are caused by smoking.

You can greatly reduce your risk of developing head and neck cancer once you stop smoking.

Reproduction and fertility

Smoking can cause male impotence, as it damages the blood vessels that supply blood to the penis. It can also damage sperm, reduce sperm count and cause testicular cancer. Up to 120,000 men from the UK in their 20s and 30s are impotent as a direct result of smoking, and men who smoke have a lower sperm count than those who are non-smokers.

For women, smoking can reduce fertility. One study found that smokers were over three times more likely than non-smokers to have taken more than one year to conceive. The study estimated that the fertility of smoking women was 72% that of non-smokers.

Smoking also increases your risk of cervical cancer.

Why quit smoking is so hard?

Tobacco contains addictive nicotine. Nicotine is just as addictive as other ‘harder’ drugs like to heroin or cocaine.

Cigarettes give you a fast nicotine hit. It takes less than 20 seconds for the drug to reach your brain from inhaled cigarette smoke. NRT can deliver nicotine, but not as quickly as that. Using other sources of nicotine to wean yourself off tobacco is far safer than continuing to smoke.

How to quit smoking?

 

Stop smoking best way

Preparation is key to successfully stopping smoking. Your plan have a mix of things that work for you, including:

  • thinking about why you smoke

  • focusing on how to manage situations in which you used to smoke

  • thinking about your reasons for stopping

  • setting a quit date

  • medication

  • support from friends and family

Understanding why you smoke

You might have started smoking in your teens, maybe because your friends smoked, or because you wanted to look grown up or cool. For others it could be during college or university, starting a job or being in a social circle where everyone smokes. Alternatively, you could have started for no clear reason at all.

Those circumstances might no longer be part of your life and hence understanding that will help you in the process.

Planning

You’re more likely to be successful in your attempts to quit smoking if you plan ahead. This includes preparing and working towards a specific quit date.

Some people find it easier to quit smoking when they’re away from their normal routine on holiday. It's important to pick a day, mark it on the calendar and start your quit attempt then for the best chances of success.

Stop Smoking Medicine

Nicotine is addictive, and willpower alone might not be enough. Give yourself a better chance of success by using stop smoking medication.

Think about what you'll gain by stopping

The desire to stop smoking for good can be a great source of motivation. Make sure you've the right support in place to help you stop successfully. Move from thinking about why you smoke, to focusing on becoming a non-smoker.

Everyone has personal reasons for wanting to quit.

Think of your top 3 reasons for quitting, write them down and put them in a place where you'll see them every day – perhaps on your fridge, saved on your phone or in your wallet.

Stop smoking by hypnosis

During hypnosis for smoking cessation, a patient is often asked to imagine unpleasant outcomes from smoking. For example, the hypnotherapist might suggest that cigarette smoke smells like truck exhaust, or that smoking will leave the patient's muth feeling extremely parched.

  • Smoking poisons the body

  • You need your body to live

  • You should respect your body and protect it (to the extent you'd like to live)

The hypnotherapist teaches the smoker self-hypnosis, and then asks him or her to repeat these affirmations anytime the desire to smoke occurs.

It can be effective for some people but not for others. Hence it is not the most widely recommended method for stop smoking.

Quit smoking with vapor

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The evidence shows that a combination of pharmacological treatment and behavioural support produces the best result for smoking cessation. However, some smokers may not be able to quit, hence switching to vaping helps them quit. If asked about vaping, health care professionals can explain that it is not an approved or recommended method of smoking cessation, but it may help smokers to quit if other attempts have failed, and will be less harmful to their health than continuing smoking.

An estimated 2.9 million adults in Great Britain currently use e-cigarettes and of these, 1.5 million people have completely stopped smoking cigarettes. They carry a fraction of the risk of cigarettes and can be particularly effective when combined with extra quitting support.

Quit smoking cold turkey

Quitting cold turkey means giving up smoking all at once, without the aid of any nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) products or stop-smoking medicine.

Read more about the topic here on everyday health.

Stop smoking tips

If you want to stop smoking, you can make small changes to your lifestyle that may help you resist the temptation to light up.

Read the top 10 self-help tips to stop smoking from NHS.

How long does it take to quit smoking

It depends on everyone's individual circumstances and willpower. It could be anything from a few months to many years. The key is to be always mindful of the fact that you have decided to be smoke free and resist the temptations whenever they arise.

 

Kingsland Pharmacy in Dalston, London offer Stop smoking service.

Kingsland Pharmacyl offers stop smoking service in Dalston, London. 

Other places where you can get help with stop smoking can be found from this NHS link.

 

Read More Travel vaccinations in Dalston, London. Why having travel vaccinations is important?

17 Jun 2020

Travel vaccinations in Dalston, London. Why having travel vaccinations is important?

We all get excited at the prospect of travelling to exotic news places in Asia, Africa or South America to discover new and exciting places, people and cultures. However, most of these regions are hotspots for infectious diseases like malaria, yellow fever, typhoid, Hepatitis B, Rabies and more. Having the right travel vaccinations for your trip is essential to stay protected throughout your stay. Kingsland Pharmacy and travel clinic in Dalston, London provides travel health advice, administers a wide range of travel vaccinations with same-day appointments and has travel accessories available. Make sure to visit Kingsland Pharmacy and travel clinic in Dalston, London for expert travel health advice.

What this travel health article is about?

In the article, we look at questions like what travel vaccine is and how does it function? Also, when should you get travel health advice. We also look at the significance of travel vaccines and places that offer travel vaccinations near you. We can't cover everything here but what you can do is to visit Kingsland Pharmacy and travel clinic in Dalston, London for expert travel health advice tailored to your particular trip.

What is Travel Vaccine?

A vaccine is a form of medicine that gives body active immunity against a specific disease. It is normally injected into the body. Vaccines provide a boost to the body's natural defence mechanism against infectious diseases. Vaccines help in preventing disease rather than curing one that has already infected the body. The vaccines that help in providing protection against certain diseases found while travelling abroad are called travel vaccines.

Travel Vaccination is simply the administration of travel vaccines.

How do Vaccines work?

Vaccines are like immune system training by stimulating the immune system to produce antibodies. The antibodies prepare the body for disease-fighting without exposing it to symptoms of the disease.

This Short animation video by oxford vaccine group illustrates how vaccines work.

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What travel vaccines would I need for my trip?

You may need vaccines before you travel depending on your destination, your medical history, your planned activities, time of the year and other health concerns. Your local travel health professional at Chana Chemist will be able to provide with the right advice or you can go on getjab.co.uk or NHS fit for travel website.

Where to get your travel vaccinations in Dalston, London?

Kingsland Pharmacy and travel clinic is the leading travel vaccination clinic in Dalston, London. If you are looking for travel health advice or vaccinations in Dalston,  Kingsland Pharmacy is a one-stop-shop for all your travel health needs in Dalston.

Kingsland Pharmacy normally offers walk-in and same-day appointments, meaning the team will be able to see you straight away without any need for appointments and may also be offering a wider range of travel vaccinations. That means you may be able to get all the required vaccinations for your trip from one place.

How soon should I start looking for travel health advice?

You should start seeking travel health advice some good few months before your travel date. Reason being that vaccines need time to become effective and help your body develop the required immunity. Also, some vaccines need to be given in multiple doses spread over a number of weeks. For example, the Rabies vaccine needs a whole month to complete the course.

Why do I need travel vaccinations in the first place?

Firstly, although the routine NHS immunisation schedule provides protection against some diseases, it does not provide protection from infectious diseases common in other parts of the world like yellow fever, hepatitis B etc. Having the right travel vaccinations will help you to stay safe from those diseases while abroad.

The other reason is your travel insurance policy requires you to have the required inoculations before traveling. So not have the right travel vaccinations can leave you seriously exposed.

How long does immunity from travel vaccines last?

It depends on the vaccine. Some vaccines provide immunity for several years and some provide cover for life. If you're travelling abroad, you should see a travel health professional who is familiar with travel medicine to talk about your upcoming trip. He or she will be able to advise you on whether or not you would need a booster based on your travel health history. You can read more about how long different vaccines last on the Tropical Medical Bureau website.

Are there any side effects of vaccination?

Most side effects from vaccination are mild and short-lived.

Common side effects

It's quite common to have redness or swelling around the injection site, but this soon goes away.

Rare side effects

In much rarer cases, some people have an allergic reaction soon after vaccination.

This is usually a rash or itching that affects part or all of the body. The pharmacists, GPs and nurses who give the vaccine are trained in how to treat this.

Proof of vaccination

Some countries require you to have proof of particular vaccinations before they allow entry.

Saudi Arabia requires proof of vaccination against certain types of meningitis for visitors arriving for the Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages.

Yellow fever vaccines are only available from designated centres and must be documented on an International Certificate of Vaccination.

Even if a certificate is not required, it is a good idea to keep a record of your travel vaccinations with you while traveling abroad.

Travel Health Advice

It is important to get professional travel health advice prior to your trip abroad. You can find the latest advice for safe travel for the country you are travelling to on Gov.uk and TravelHealthPro.

Try to wear long-sleeve clothing and trousers to stay safe from mosquito bites. Also, use insect repellent on exposed areas of the body and at night make sure to sleep under mosquito net. In short, prepare a Travel Health Essentials Kit.

You should start your antimalarials treatment before traveling to any country with risk of malaria.

Also follow best hygiene practices even so more when abroad.

 

Kingsland Pharmacy and travel clinic in Dalston, London

Our expert travel health professionals are here to help you with all your travel health immunisation needs and advice. Also if you need any accessories for your travel essentials kit, we can help you with that as well. Contact the clinic on 020 7254 6910 or book your appointment online.

Read More Yellow Fever Vaccination in Dalston, London

17 Jun 2020

Yellow Fever Vaccination in Dalston, London

Yellow Fever Vaccination in Dalston, London

What is Yellow fever?

Yellow fever is a disease caused by a virus and is spread through mosquito bites.

It can sometimes develop into serious illness and may even be fatal. Yellow fever is present in parts of Central and South America and Sub-Saharan Africa and also parts of the Caribbean. Yellow fever can be prevented by having the right vaccination. Only designated centres in the UK can administer yellow fever vaccinations. Kingsland Pharmacy is a Registered yellow fever centre in Dalston, London. If you are travelling to any of the above-mentioned regions, then please get in touch with the team for travel health advice and vaccinations.

In this Yellow fever article

We discuss here what is yellow fever, its symptoms, how to stay protected from yellow fever while on holiday in the parts world where risk is high, how soon you should get your yellow fever vaccine before your travel date and any side effects of the vaccination.

Yellow fever Symptoms

The symptoms normally develop in 3 to 6 days. They could be fever, chills, headache, backache, and muscle aches.

Is Yellow Fever fatal?

Around 1 in 10 people who suffer from yellow fever develop serious illness that can lead to bleeding, shock, organ failure, and sometimes death.

Yellow fever Treatment

There is no effective treatment for Yellow Fever. Vaccination is the best form of protection. Travellers to areas carrying the risk of yellow fever may need a single dose injection of Stamaril to stay protected.

How Yellow fever vaccination work?

The vaccine develops immunity in your body against the virus that causes the infection. However, it takes time to do so, hence it should be given at least 10 days before travelling to an area where the infection is found.

You need to provide a yellow fever vaccination certificate at the entrance to some countries. The certificate will only become valid 10 days after you are vaccinated.

The yellow fever vaccination is administered in the form of a single injection and it helps almost over 95% of those who have it to stay protected from the infection.

Is a booster dose required?

The vaccination cover lasts for life in most people and hence vaccination certificates are also valid for life.

Booster doses are usually only recommended if you're travelling to an area where yellow fever is found and you were last vaccinated more than 10 years ago and when you were last vaccinated, you were under 2 years old, pregnant, or had a weakened immune system – for example, because of HIV or preparation for a bone marrow transplant.

If you are in doubt, please contact Travel Clinic Glasgow and they will be able to give you expert advice.

 

Yellow fever vaccine cost?

Yellow fever vaccine is not available for free on the NHS, so you'll have to pay for it. The price varies from clinic to clinic. Please check with Kingsland Pharmacy for best prices on yellow fever vaccines in Dalston, London.

Yellow fever vaccination Certificate

According to WHO regulations, anyone travelling to a country or area where there is a risk of picking up or spreading the virus that causes yellow fever must have an International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP).

Always make dure to have a photocopy or electronic copy of your ICVP. This will make it easier to get a replacement certificate if the original certificate is lost or damaged

Yellow fever vaccine common side effects

One in every three people experiences mild side effects after having the yellow fever vaccine, such as:

  • a headache

  • muscle pain

  • a mild fever

  • soreness at the injection site

Reactions at the injection site usually occur one to five days after being vaccinated. The other side effects may last for up to two weeks.

Rare side effects

There are also some more serious but very rare side effects that can occur, including an allergic reaction and problems affecting the brain or organs.

These occur less than 10 times for every million doses of vaccine given.

Get medical advice if you feel very unwell within a few days or weeks of having the yellow fever vaccine.

Kingsland Pharmacy - Registered Yellow Fever Centre in Dalston, London

Kingsland Pharmacy is a registered yellow fever vaccination centre and the team is always at hand if you need to travel health advice and vaccinations. The quickest way to reach the team in on 020 7254 6910 or visit the store in person.

Travel Health Tips

Even if you have been vaccinated, it’s still a good idea to take steps to prevent mosquito bites while you’re travelling – for example, by using mosquito nets, wearing loose, long-sleeved clothing, and applying insect repellent containing 50% DEET to exposed skin. You can stay up to date with latest travel health advice and developments on NHS FitforTravel website.

 

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